PHP 5.4.31 Released

mysql_field_table

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

mysql_field_tableGet name of the table the specified field is in

Warning

This extension is deprecated as of PHP 5.5.0, and will be removed in the future. Instead, the MySQLi or PDO_MySQL extension should be used. See also MySQL: choosing an API guide and related FAQ for more information. Alternatives to this function include:

Description

string mysql_field_table ( resource $result , int $field_offset )

Returns the name of the table that the specified field is in.

Parameters

result

The result resource that is being evaluated. This result comes from a call to mysql_query().

field_offset

The numerical field offset. The field_offset starts at 0. If field_offset does not exist, an error of level E_WARNING is also issued.

Return Values

The name of the table on success.

Examples

Example #1 A mysql_field_table() example

<?php

$query 
"SELECT account.*, country.* FROM account, country WHERE country.name = 'Portugal' AND account.country_id = country.id";

// get the result from the DB
$result mysql_query($query);

// Lists the table name and then the field name
for ($i 0$i mysql_num_fields($result); ++$i) {
    
$table mysql_field_table($result$i);
    
$field mysql_field_name($result$i);

    echo  
"$table$field\n";
}

?>

Notes

Note:

For backward compatibility, the following deprecated alias may be used: mysql_fieldtable()

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 6 notes

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0
djafferian at sos dot ri dot gov
15 days ago
This note may apply to anyone who might still be running MySQL 5.0.32 on Debian 4.0.  The mysql_field_table function may return an empty table name if the SELECT query involved uses GROUP BY or ORDER BY and references a view in the FROM clause.  This is caused by MySQL bug 28898, which was fixed in 5.0.46.  I encountered this when I noticed a difference between our production RSS feeds generated on a Debian 5.0.10 server running MySQL 5.0.51a, and the same feed generated on one of our test servers running MySQL 5.0.32 on Debian 4.0.
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0
jorge at rhst dot net
7 years ago
The function below takes a function and returns the col->table mapping as an array.

For example:

$query = “SELECT a.id AS a_id, b.id b_id FROM atable AS a, btable b”

$cols  = queryAlias($query);

print_r($cols);

Returns:

Array
(
    [a] => atable
    [b] => btable
)

I can't promise it's perfect, but this function never hit production cause I ended up using mysqli methods instead.

Enjoy
-Jorge

  /**
   * Takes in a query and returns the alias->table mapping.
   *
   * @param string $query
   * @return array of alias mapping
   */
 
  function queryAlias ( $query ) {
   
    //Make it all lower, we ignore case
    $substr = strtolower($query);
   
    //Remove any subselects
    $substr = preg_replace ( ‘/\(.*\)/’, ”, $substr);
  
    //Remove any special charactors
    $substr = preg_replace ( ‘/[^a-zA-Z0-9_,]/’, ‘ ‘, $substr);
   
    //Remove any white space
    $substr = preg_replace(‘/\s\s+/’, ‘ ‘, $substr);
   
    //Get everything after FROM
    $substr = strtolower(substr($substr, strpos(strtolower($substr),‘ from ‘) + 6));
   
    //Rid of any extra commands
    $substr = preg_replace(
                Array(
                    ‘/ where .*+$/’,
                    ‘/ group by .*+$/’,
                    ‘/ limit .*+$/’ ,
                    ‘/ having .*+$/’ ,
                    ‘/ order by .*+$/’,
                    ‘/ into .*+$/’
                   ), ”, $substr);
   
    //Remove any JOIN modifiers
    $substr = preg_replace(
                Array(
                    ‘/ left /’,
                    ‘/ right /’,
                    ‘/ inner /’,
                    ‘/ cross /’,
                    ‘/ outer /’,
                    ‘/ natural /’,
                    ‘/ as /’
                   ), ‘ ‘, $substr);
   
    //Replace JOIN statements with commas
    $substr = preg_replace(Array(‘/ join /’, ‘/ straight_join /’), ‘,’, $substr);
   

    $out_array = Array();
   
    //Split by FROM statements
    $st_array = split (‘,’, $substr);
 
    foreach ($st_array as $col) {
     
      $col = preg_replace(Array(‘/ on .*+/’), ”, $col);
     
      $tmp_array = split(‘ ‘, trim($col));
     
      //Oh no, something is wrong, let’s just continue
      if (!isset($tmp_array[0]))
        continue;
       
      $first = $tmp_array[0];
     
      //If the “AS” is set, lets include that, if not, well, guess this table isn’t aliased.
      if (isset($tmp_array[1]))
        $second = $tmp_array[1];
        else 
        $second = $first;
       
      if (strlen($first))
       $out_array[$second] = $first;
     
    }
   
    return $out_array;
  }
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0
spam at blondella dot de
7 years ago
<?php
/*
this function might help in the case described above :-)
*/
function mysql_field_table_resolve_alias($inQuery,$inResult,$inFieldName) {
  
$theNameOrAlias = mysql_field_table($inResult,$inFieldName);
  
//check, if AS syntax is being used
  
if(ereg(" AS ",$inQuery))  {
     
//catch words in query
     
$theWords = explode(" ",ereg_replace(",|\n"," ",$inQuery));
     
//find the words preceding and following AS
     
foreach($theWords as $theIndex => $theWord)  {
         if(
trim($theWord) == "AS"
        
&& isset($theWords[$theIndex-1])
         && isset(
$theWords[$theIndex+1])
         &&
$theWords[$theIndex+1] == $theNameOrAlias
        
) {
           
$theNameOrAlias = $theWords[$theIndex-1];
            break
1;
         }
      }
   }
   return
$theNameOrAlias;
}
?>
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0
me at thomaskeller dot biz
8 years ago
Beware that if you upgrade to MySQL 5 from any earlier version WITHOUT dumping and reloading your data (just by keeping the binary data in MyISAM table files), you might get weird output on the "table" value for mysql_fetch_field and in this function. Weird means that the table name is randomly set or not.

This behaviour seems to popup only if the SQL query contains a ORDER BY clause. A bug is already reported:

http://bugs.mysql.com/bug.php?id=14915

To prevent the issue, dump and reload all participating tables in your query or do

CREATE TABLE tmp SELECT * FROM table;
DROP TABLE table;
ALTER TABLE tmp RENAME table;

on each one via commandline client.
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0
cptnemo
9 years ago
When trying to find table names for a (My)SQL query containing 'tablename AS alias', mysql_field_table() only returns the alias as specified in the AS clause, and not the tablename.
up
-1
mehdi dot haresi at gmail dot com
5 years ago
For all of you having problems accessing duplicated field names in queries with their table alias i have implemented the following quick solution:

<?php
function mysql_fetch_alias_array($result)
{
    if (!(
$row = mysql_fetch_array($result)))
    {
        return
null;
    }

   
$assoc = Array();
   
$rowCount = mysql_num_fields($result);
   
    for (
$idx = 0; $idx < $rowCount; $idx++)
    {
       
$table = mysql_field_table($result, $idx);
       
$field = mysql_field_name($result, $idx);
       
$assoc["$table.$field"] = $row[$idx];
    }
   
    return
$assoc;
}
?>

Lets asume we have 2 tables student and contact each having fID as the index field and want to access both fID fields in php.

The usage of this function will be pretty similar to calling mysql_fetch_array:

<?php
$result
= mysql_query("select * from student s inner join contact c on c.fID = s.frContactID");

while (
$row = mysql_fetch_alias_array($result))
{
    echo
"StudenID: {$row['s.fID']}, ContactID: {$row['c.fID']}";
}
?>

Voila, that's it :)

Please be aware that by using this function, you have to access all fields with their alias name (e.g. s.Name, s.Birhtday) even if they are not duplicated.

If you have questions, just send me a mail.

Best regards,
Mehdi Haresi
die-webdesigner.at
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