clearstatcache

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

clearstatcacheClears file status cache

Description

void clearstatcache ([ bool $clear_realpath_cache = false [, string $filename ]] )

When you use stat(), lstat(), or any of the other functions listed in the affected functions list (below), PHP caches the information those functions return in order to provide faster performance. However, in certain cases, you may want to clear the cached information. For instance, if the same file is being checked multiple times within a single script, and that file is in danger of being removed or changed during that script's operation, you may elect to clear the status cache. In these cases, you can use the clearstatcache() function to clear the information that PHP caches about a file.

You should also note that PHP doesn't cache information about non-existent files. So, if you call file_exists() on a file that doesn't exist, it will return FALSE until you create the file. If you create the file, it will return TRUE even if you then delete the file. However unlink() clears the cache automatically.

Note:

This function caches information about specific filenames, so you only need to call clearstatcache() if you are performing multiple operations on the same filename and require the information about that particular file to not be cached.

Affected functions include stat(), lstat(), file_exists(), is_writable(), is_readable(), is_executable(), is_file(), is_dir(), is_link(), filectime(), fileatime(), filemtime(), fileinode(), filegroup(), fileowner(), filesize(), filetype(), and fileperms().

Parameters

clear_realpath_cache

Whether to clear the realpath cache or not.

filename

Clear the realpath and the stat cache for a specific filename only; only used if clear_realpath_cache is TRUE.

Return Values

No value is returned.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 Added optional clear_realpath_cache and filename parameters.

Examples

Example #1 clearstatcache() example

<?php
$file 
'output_log.txt';

function 
get_owner($file)
{
    
$stat stat($file);
    
$user posix_getpwuid($stat['uid']);
    return 
$user['name'];
}

$format "UID @ %s: %s\n";

printf($formatdate('r'), get_owner($file));

chown($file'ross');
printf($formatdate('r'), get_owner($file));

clearstatcache();
printf($formatdate('r'), get_owner($file));
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

UID @ Sun, 12 Oct 2008 20:48:28 +0100: root
UID @ Sun, 12 Oct 2008 20:48:28 +0100: root
UID @ Sun, 12 Oct 2008 20:48:28 +0100: ross

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

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2
matt_m at me dot com
2 years ago
unlink() does not clear the cache if you are performing file_exists() on a remote file like:

<?php
if (file_exists("ftp://ftp.example.com/somefile"))
?>

In this case, even after you unlink() successfully, you must call clearstatcache().

<?php
unlink
("ftp://ftp.example.com/somefile");
clearstatcache();
?>

file_exists() then properly returns false.
up
-5
markandrewslade at gmail dot com
4 years ago
On Linux, a forked process inherits a copy of the parent's cache, but after forking the two caches do not impact each other.  The snippet below demonstrates this by creating a child and confirming outdated (cached) information, then clearing the cache, and getting new information.

<?php

function report($directory, $prefix = '') { printf('%sDoes %s exist?  PHP says "%s"'. PHP_EOL, $prefix, $directory, is_dir($directory) ? 'yes' : 'no'); }
$target = './delete-me-before-running-statcache';

if (
is_dir($target)) {
    die(
"Delete $target before running.\n");
}

echo
"Creating $target.\n";
mkdir($target) || die("Unable to create $target.\n");
report($target); // is_dir($target) is now cached as true

echo "Unlinking $target.\n";
rmdir($target) || die("Unable to unlink $target.\n");

// This will say "yes", which is old (inaccurate) information.
report($target);

if ((
$pid = pcntl_fork()) === -1) { die("Failed to pcntl_fork.\n"); }
elseif (
$pid === 0) {
   
// child
   
report($target, '<<child>> ');
    echo
"<<child>> Clearing stat cache.\n";
   
clearstatcache();
   
report($target, '<<child>> ');
} else {
   
// parent
   
sleep(2); // move this to the child block to reverse the test.
   
report($target, '<<<parent>> ');
   
clearstatcache();
   
report($target, '<<<parent>> ');
}

?>
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