PHP 5.4.26 Released

# similar_text

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

similar_textCalculate the similarity between two strings

### Description

int similar_text ( string `\$first` , string `\$second` [, float `&\$percent` ] )

This calculates the similarity between two strings as described in Programming Classics: Implementing the World's Best Algorithms by Oliver (ISBN 0-131-00413-1). Note that this implementation does not use a stack as in Oliver's pseudo code, but recursive calls which may or may not speed up the whole process. Note also that the complexity of this algorithm is O(N**3) where N is the length of the longest string.

### Parameters

`first`

The first string.

`second`

The second string.

`percent`

By passing a reference as third argument, similar_text() will calculate the similarity in percent for you.

### Return Values

Returns the number of matching chars in both strings.

• levenshtein() - Calculate Levenshtein distance between two strings
• soundex() - Calculate the soundex key of a string

### User Contributed Notes 11 notes

17
daniel dot karbach at localhorst dot tv
3 years ago
``` Please note that this function calculates a similarity of 0 (zero) for two empty strings. <?php similar_text("", "", \$sim); echo \$sim; // "0" ?> ```
20
SPAM HATER
1 year ago
``` Hey there, Be aware when using this function, that the order of passing the strings is very important if you want to calculate the percentage of similarity, in fact, altering the variables will give a very different result, example : <?php \$var_1 = 'PHP IS GREAT'; \$var_2 = 'WITH MYSQL'; similar_text(\$var_1, \$var_2, \$percent); echo \$percent; // 27.272727272727 similar_text(\$var_2, \$var_1, \$percent); echo \$percent; // 18.181818181818 ?> ```
georgesk at hotmail dot com
12 years ago
``` Well, as mentioned above the speed is O(N^3), i've done a longest common subsequence way that is O(m.n) where m and n are the length of str1 and str2, the result is a percentage and it seems to be exactly the same as similar_text percentage but with better performance... here's the 3 functions i'm using.. <?php function LCS_Length(\$s1, \$s2) {   \$m = strlen(\$s1);   \$n = strlen(\$s2);   //this table will be used to compute the LCS-Length, only 128 chars per string are considered   \$LCS_Length_Table = array(array(128),array(128));       //reset the 2 cols in the table   for(\$i=1; \$i < \$m; \$i++) \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i][0]=0;   for(\$j=0; \$j < \$n; \$j++) \$LCS_Length_Table[0][\$j]=0;   for (\$i=1; \$i <= \$m; \$i++) {     for (\$j=1; \$j <= \$n; \$j++) {       if (\$s1[\$i-1]==\$s2[\$j-1])         \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i][\$j] = \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i-1][\$j-1] + 1;       else if (\$LCS_Length_Table[\$i-1][\$j] >= \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i][\$j-1])         \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i][\$j] = \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i-1][\$j];       else         \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i][\$j] = \$LCS_Length_Table[\$i][\$j-1];     }   }   return \$LCS_Length_Table[\$m][\$n]; } function str_lcsfix(\$s) {   \$s = str_replace(" ","",\$s);   \$s = ereg_replace("[��������]","e", \$s);   \$s = ereg_replace("[������������]","a", \$s);   \$s = ereg_replace("[��������]","i", \$s);   \$s = ereg_replace("[���������]","o", \$s);   \$s = ereg_replace("[��������]","u", \$s);   \$s = ereg_replace("[�]","c", \$s);   return \$s; }   function get_lcs(\$s1, \$s2) {   //ok, now replace all spaces with nothing   \$s1 = strtolower(str_lcsfix(\$s1));   \$s2 = strtolower(str_lcsfix(\$s2));     \$lcs = LCS_Length(\$s1,\$s2); //longest common sub sequence   \$ms = (strlen(\$s1) + strlen(\$s2)) / 2;   return ((\$lcs*100)/\$ms); } ?> you can skip calling str_lcsfix if you don't worry about accentuated characters and things like that or you can add up to it or modify it for faster performance, i think ereg is not the fastest way? hope this helps. Georges ```
julius at infoguiden dot no
11 years ago
``` If you have reserved names in a database that you don't want others to use, i find this to work pretty good. I added strtoupper to the variables to validate typing only. Taking case into consideration will decrease similarity. <?php \$query = mysql_query("select * from \$table") or die("Query failed"); while (\$row = mysql_fetch_array(\$query)) {       similar_text(strtoupper(\$_POST['name']), strtoupper(\$row['reserved']), \$similarity_pst);       if (number_format(\$similarity_pst, 0) > 90){         \$too_similar = \$row['reserved'];         print "The name you entered is too similar the reserved name &quot;".\$row['reserved']."&quot;";         break;        }     } ?> ```
daniel at reflexionsdesign dot com
12 years ago
``` If performance is an issue, you may wish to use the levenshtein() function instead, which has a considerably better complexity of O(str1 * str2). ```
romain dot boyer at gmail dot com
6 years ago
``` Like levenchtein(), You can do : (strlen(\$string2) - similar_text(\$string,\$string2)) to see how much characters have been changed. ```
Paul
7 years ago
``` The speed issues for similar_text seem to be only an issue for long sections of text (>20000 chars). I found a huge performance improvement in my application by just testing if the string to be tested was less than 20000 chars before calling similar_text. 20000+ took 3-5 secs to process, anything else (10000 and below) took a fraction of a second. Fortunately for me, there was only a handful of instances with >20000 chars which I couldn't get a comparison % for. ```
ryan at derokorian dot com
5 days ago
``` Note that this function is case sensitive: <?php \$var1 = 'Hello'; \$var2 = 'Hello'; \$var3 = 'hello'; echo similar_text(\$var1, \$var2);  // 5 echo similar_text(\$var1, \$var3);  // 4 ```
mogmios at hushmail dot com
14 years ago
``` Don't forget your passing the double as a reference. If you use this and soundex() together you can get a pretty good guess as to how well two words match. Is useful for simple bot-like programs. <?php \$i = similar_text(\$first_word, \$second_word, &\$p); echo("Matched: \$i  Percentage: \$p%"); ?> ```
louis #at# mulliemedia.com
9 years ago
``` Note that this function will calculate the percentage blindly, without regard to the LENGHT of the string. This may become important if you try to print similar names to SMALL strings : e.g. I want to print out the value if it is 90 percent similar to the other one : the value is HE, the correct value is HEC The similar_text() function will return approximately 66.7 %, and it will not print it because it is smaller than 90 %, although almost all of the string was matched. ```
-1
hate at spam dot com dot BR
9 years ago
``` In PHP4+, you don't need to pass the percent variable as reference.. Instead, use this way: <?php similar_text(\$string1, \$string2, \$p); echo "Percent: \$p%"; ?> In PHP5, you'll get a ugly warning message when passing this variable as reference.. But it's configurable in php.ini (allow_call_time_pass_reference = Off) That's it... Another great function! :) ```