PHP 5.6.0 released

Mcrypt ciphers

Here is a list of ciphers which are currently supported by the mcrypt extension. For a complete list of supported ciphers, see the defines at the end of mcrypt.h. The general rule with the mcrypt-2.2.x API is that you can access the cipher from PHP with MCRYPT_ciphername. With the libmcrypt-2.4.x and libmcrypt-2.5.x API these constants also work, but it is possible to specify the name of the cipher as a string with a call to mcrypt_module_open().

  • MCRYPT_3DES
  • MCRYPT_ARCFOUR_IV (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_ARCFOUR (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_BLOWFISH
  • MCRYPT_CAST_128
  • MCRYPT_CAST_256
  • MCRYPT_CRYPT
  • MCRYPT_DES
  • MCRYPT_DES_COMPAT (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_ENIGMA (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only, alias for MCRYPT_CRYPT)
  • MCRYPT_GOST
  • MCRYPT_IDEA (non-free)
  • MCRYPT_LOKI97 (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_MARS (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only, non-free)
  • MCRYPT_PANAMA (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_128 (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_192 (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RIJNDAEL_256 (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RC2
  • MCRYPT_RC4 (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RC6 (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RC6_128 (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RC6_192 (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_RC6_256 (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_SAFER64
  • MCRYPT_SAFER128
  • MCRYPT_SAFERPLUS (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_SERPENT(libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_SERPENT_128 (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_SERPENT_192 (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_SERPENT_256 (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_SKIPJACK (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_TEAN (libmcrypt 2.2.x only)
  • MCRYPT_THREEWAY
  • MCRYPT_TRIPLEDES (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_TWOFISH (for older mcrypt 2.x versions, or mcrypt > 2.4.x )
  • MCRYPT_TWOFISH128 (TWOFISHxxx are available in newer 2.x versions, but not in the 2.4.x versions)
  • MCRYPT_TWOFISH192
  • MCRYPT_TWOFISH256
  • MCRYPT_WAKE (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)
  • MCRYPT_XTEA (libmcrypt > 2.4.x only)

You must (in CFB and OFB mode) or can (in CBC mode) supply an initialization vector (IV) to the respective cipher function. The IV must be unique and must be the same when decrypting/encrypting. With data which is stored encrypted, you can take the output of a function of the index under which the data is stored (e.g. the MD5 key of the filename). Alternatively, you can transmit the IV together with the encrypted data (see chapter 9.3 of Applied Cryptography by Schneier (ISBN 0-471-11709-9) for a discussion of this topic).

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
1
Rob
7 months ago
These constants can in fact be used as input to the function mcrypt_module_open() because mcrypt.php contains defines that map these constants to the appropriate string values obtained from mcrypt_list_algorithms().
up
1
Mark
1 year ago
Note, these are not the names you use in the function mcrypt_module_open to specify the algorithm.

Use mcrypt_list_algorithms to get the right names to stick in there
up
0
robin
3 years ago
The MCRYPT_TWOFISH constant when defined by mcrypt version 2.4.x and later is the 256 bit version of Twofish; it uses a 1-32 byte key, a 16 byte IV, and outputs 16 byte blocks in CBC mode.
To Top