PDO::query

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7, PECL pdo >= 0.2.0)

PDO::query 执行 SQL 语句,以 PDOStatement 对象形式返回结果集

说明

public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement )
public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_COLUMN , int $colno )
public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_CLASS , string $classname , array $ctorargs )
public PDOStatement PDO::query ( string $statement , int $PDO::FETCH_INTO , object $object )

PDO::query() 在单次函数调用内执行 SQL 语句,以 PDOStatement 对象形式返回结果集(如果有数据的话)。

如果反复调用同一个查询,用 PDO::prepare() 准备 PDOStatement 对象,并用 PDOStatement::execute() 执行语句,将具有更好的性能。

如果没有完整获取结果集内的数据,就调用下一个 PDO::query(),将可能调用失败。 应当在执行下一个 PDO::query() 前,先用 PDOStatement::closeCursor() 释放数据库PDOStatement 关联的资源。

Note:

如果传入函数的参数数量超过一个,多余的参数将相当于调用结果对象 PDOStatement::setFetchMode() 方法。

参数

statement

需要准备、执行的 SQL 语句。

查询里的数据应该用恰当的形式转义

返回值

PDO::query() 返回 PDOStatement 对象,或在失败时返回 FALSE

范例

Example #1 展示 PDO::query 的使用

PDO::query() 一个不错的功能是:执行 SELECT 语句,并能够循环遍历结果集。

<?php
function getFruit($conn) {
    
$sql 'SELECT name, color, calories FROM fruit ORDER BY name';
    foreach (
$conn->query($sql) as $row) {
        print 
$row['name'] . "\t";
        print 
$row['color'] . "\t";
        print 
$row['calories'] . "\n";
    }
}
?>

以上例程会输出:

apple   red     150
banana  yellow  250
kiwi    brown   75
lemon   yellow  25
orange  orange  300
pear    green   150
watermelon      pink    90

参见

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User Contributed Notes 9 notes

up
45
fredrik at NOSPAM dot rambris dot com
11 years ago
The handling of errors by this function is controlled by the attribute PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE.

Use the following to make it throw an exception:
<?php
$dbh
->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
?>
up
11
dozoyousan at gmail dot com
12 years ago
> When query() fails, the boolean false is returned.

I think that is "Silent Mode".
If that set attribute ErrorMode "Exception Mode"
then that throw PDOException.
$pdoObj = new PDO( $dsn, $user, $pass );
$pdoObj->setAttribute("PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE", PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
up
4
stefano[dot]bertoli [at] gmail[dot]com
4 years ago
Trying to pass like second argument PDO::FETCH_ASSOC it still work.

So passing FETCH TYPE like argument seems work.

This save you from something like:

<?php
$result
= $stmt->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_NUM);
?>

Example:
<?php
$res
= $db->query('SELECT * FROM `mytable` WHERE true', PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);

?>
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7
marcos at marcosregis dot com
10 years ago
After a lot of hours working with DataLink on Oracle->MySQL and PDO we (me and Adriano Rodrigues, that solve it) discover that PDO (and oci too) need the attribute AUTOCOMMIT set to FALSE to work correctly with.
There's  3 ways to set autocommit to false: On constructor, setting the atribute after construct and before query data or initiating a Transaction (that turns off autocommit mode)

The examples:
<?php
// First way - On PDO Constructor
$options = array(PDO::ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT=>FALSE);

$pdo = new PDO($dsn,$user,$pass,$options);

// now we are ready to query DataLinks

?>

<?php
// Second Way - Before create statements
$pdo = new PDO($dsn,$user,$pass);

$pdo->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT,FALSE);
// or
$pdo->beginTransaction();

// now we are ready to query DataLinks
?>

To use DataLinks on oci just use OCI_DEFAULT on oci_execute() function;
up
0
paolo at dellunto dot net
5 years ago
If you are using PDO to create an SQLite dbfile that will be used by an Android application, you can set common values via the $dbh->query("PRAGMA ...") statement;

a tipical example would be the user_version of the database or the page_size
<?php
...
$dbh = new PDO($PDO_DSN, null, null, null);
$dbh->query("PRAGMA page_size = 4096"); //Android match page size
$dbh->query("PRAGMA user_version = 2"); //This match super(context, DB_NAME, null, DB_VERSION) of the DatabaseOpenHelper
....
?>
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2
andrea at bhweb dot it
10 years ago
If someone is suffering of the "MySQL server has gone away" problem after executing multiple queries, this is a solution that solved it for me. It's similar to the one needed for the exact same problem in mysqli.

<?php
$stmt
=$db->prepare($query);
$stmt->execute();
do {
$stmt->fetch(); $stmt->closeCursor(); ++$line; } while($stmt-
>
nextRowset());
?>

I found this only works using prepare and execute this way, not if you
directly execute the query with query().
up
-10
tgrl5000
3 years ago
Connecting
==============================
<?php
try{
$db = new PDO("dbtype:host=yourhost;dbname=yourdbname;charset=utf8","username","password");
/*Other Codes*/
}catch(PDOException  $e ){
echo
"Error: ".$e;
}
?>
Excute query with secure data
==============================
<?php
try{
$db = new PDO("dbtype:host=yourhost;dbname=yourdbname;charset=utf8","username","password");
$mysecuredata=14;
$db->query("Select * from table where id=".$mysecuredata);
}catch(
PDOException  $e ){
echo
"Error: ".$e;
}
?>
Excute query with insecure data
==============================
<?php
try{
$db = new PDO("dbtype:host=yourhost;dbname=yourdbname;charset=utf8","username","password");
$myinsecuredata=$_GET["id"];
$query=$db->prepare("Select * from table where id=?");
$query->excute(array($myinsecuredata));
}catch(
PDOException  $e ){
echo
"Error: ".$e;
}
?>
Getting Data in database
==============================
<?php
try{
$db = new PDO("dbtype:host=yourhost;dbname=yourdbname;charset=utf8","username","password");
$myinsecuredata=$_GET["table"];
$query=$db->prepare("Select * from ?");
$query->excute(array($myinsecuredata));
while(
$row=$query->fetch(PDO::FETCH_OBJ)) {
/*its getting data in line.And its an object*/
       
echo $row->yourcolumnname;
    }
}catch(
PDOException  $e ){
echo
"Error: ".$e;
}
?>
Reference
==============================
http://gencbilgin.net/pdo-kullanimi-php-de-veritabani-islemleri.html
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-18
nicobn at gmail dot com
11 years ago
Please note that when Query() fails, it does not return a PDOStatement object . It simply returns false.
up
-77
NUNTIUS
10 years ago
I found this method extremely useful for getting the iteration count. Note the usage of "for" instead of "while" or "foreach". Just place the "$row = $query->fetch()" as the second condition of your for loop (which is do until). This is the best of both worlds IMHO. Criticism welcome.

try {
    $hostname = "servername";
    $dbname = "dbname";
    $username = "username";
    $pw = "password";
    $pdo = new PDO ("mssql:host=$hostname;dbname=$dbname","$username","$pw");
  } catch (PDOException $e) {
    echo "Failed to get DB handle: " . $e->getMessage() . "\n";
    exit;
  }
      $query = $pdo->prepare("select name FROM tbl_name");
      $query->execute();
     
      for($i=0; $row = $query->fetch(); $i++){
        echo $i." - ".$row['name']."<br/>";
      }

      unset($pdo);
      unset($query);
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