iterator_apply

(PHP 5 >= 5.1.0, PHP 7)

iterator_apply为迭代器中每个元素调用一个用户自定义函数

说明

int iterator_apply ( Traversable $iterator , callable $function [, array $args ] )

循环迭代每个元素时调用某一回调函数。

参数

iterator

需要循环迭代的类对象。

function

迭代到每个元素时的调用的回调函数。

Note: 为了遍历 iterator 这个函数必须返回 TRUE

args

传递到回调函数的参数。

返回值

返回已迭代的元素个数。

范例

Example #1 iterator_apply() example

<?php
function print_caps(Iterator $iterator) {
    echo 
strtoupper($iterator->current()) . "\n";
    return 
TRUE;
}

$it = new ArrayIterator(array("Apples""Bananas""Cherries"));
iterator_apply($it"print_caps", array($it));
?>

以上例程会输出:

APPLES
BANANAS
CHERRIES

参见

  • array_walk() - 使用用户自定义函数对数组中的每个元素做回调处理

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
0
tezcatl at fedoraproject dot org
1 month ago
Each of the arguments required by the function, must be in the array supplied in the third argument to iterator_apply. You can use references too. Example:

<?php

function translate_to(string $target_language, Iterator $words, array $dictionaries) {
   
   
$language = ucfirst($target_language);
   
$dictionary = $dictionaries[$target_language] ?? 'not found';
   
    if (
$dictionary === 'not found') {
        echo
"Not found dictionary for {$language}\n";
        return;
    }
   
    echo
"English words translated to {$language}\n";
   
   
$not_found = [];
   
   
iterator_apply($words, function($words, $dictionary, &$not_found){
   
       
$english_word = $words->current();
   
       
$translated_word = $dictionary[$english_word] ?? '';
   
        if (
$translated_word !== '') {
            echo
"{$english_word} translates to {$translated_word}\n";
        } else {
           
$not_found[] = $english_word;
        }

        return
true;
   
    }, array(
$words, $dictionary, &$not_found));
   
    echo
"\nNot found words:\n" . implode("\n", $not_found) . "\n";
}

$dictionaries = [
   
'nahuatl' => [
       
'one' => 'Ze',
       
'two' => 'Ome',
       
'three' => 'Yei',
       
'four' => 'Nahui',
    ],
];

$iterator = new \ArrayIterator(array('one', 'two', 'three', 'four', 'gasoil'));

translate_to('nahuatl', $iterator, $dictionaries);
?>

English words translated to Nahuatl
one translates to Ze
two translates to Ome
three translates to Yei
four translates to Nahui

Not found words:
gasoil
up
0
tezcatl at fedoraproject dot org
1 month ago
Be aware of the proper methods to iterate the specific Iterator you are consuming, as the implementation of the method could vary its behaviour.

For example, unlike the ArrayIterator, you can't iterate on a SplDoubleLinkedList with current() without using next() on every iteration (and then, only would iterate if you return true at the end of the callable. It is far easier then with LinkedLists use a while($it->valid()) { $it->current(); $it->next(); }

Let's see:

<?php

$ll
= new \SplDoublyLinkedList();

$ll->push('ze');
$ll->push('ome');
$ll->push('yei');
$ll->push('nahui');

$ll->rewind();

$iterations_done = iterator_apply($ll, function(Iterator $it) {

    echo
implode("\t=>", [
       
$it->key(),
       
$it->current(),
       
ucfirst($it->current())
    ]),
"\n";
   
    return
true;

}, array(
$ll));

echo
"Did iterate {$iterations_done} times \n";

$ll->rewind();

$iterations_done = iterator_apply($ll, function(Iterator $it) {

    echo
implode("\t=>", [
       
$it->key(),
       
$it->current(),
       
ucfirst($it->current())
    ]),
"\n";
   
   
$it->next();
   
    return
true;

}, array(
$ll));

echo
"Did iterate {$iterations_done} times \n";

$ll->setIteratorMode(SplDoublyLinkedList::IT_MODE_FIFO | SplDoublyLinkedList::IT_MODE_DELETE);

var_dump($ll->count());

foreach(
$ll as $key => $val) {
    echo
"{$key}\t",ucfirst($val),"\n";
}

var_dump($ll->count());
?>

Output:

0    =>ze    =>Ze
0    =>ze    =>Ze
0    =>ze    =>Ze
0    =>ze    =>Ze
Did iterate 4 times
0    =>ze    =>Ze
1    =>ome    =>Ome
2    =>yei    =>Yei
3    =>nahui    =>Nahui
Did iterate 4 times
int(4)
0    Ze
0    Ome
0    Yei
0    Nahui
int(0)
up
-1
ycgambo at outlook dot com
10 months ago
$args is an array and each of its elements are passed to the callback as separate arguments.

so this is the right way to get args:

<?php
$ai
= new ArrayIterator(range(0, 2));

iterator_apply($ai, function() {
   
var_dump(func_get_args());     // use this func
   
return true;
}, array(
1, 2));
?>

output:

array(2) {
  [0] =>
  int(1)
  [1] =>
  int(2)
}
array(2) {
  [0] =>
  int(1)
  [1] =>
  int(2)
}
array(2) {
  [0] =>
  int(1)
  [1] =>
  int(2)
}

--------------------------------------------------
or list each args:

<?php
$ai
= new ArrayIterator(range(0, 2));

iterator_apply($ai, function($arg1, $arg2, $arg3) {
   
var_dump([$arg1, $arg2, $arg3]);
    return
true;
}, array(
1, 2));
?>

same output.
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