echo

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

echo输出一个或多个字符串

说明

void echo ( string $arg1 [, string $... ] )

输出所有参数。不会换行。

echo 不是一个函数(它是一个语言结构), 因此你不一定要使用小括号来指明参数,单引号,双引号都可以。 echo (不像其他语言构造)不表现得像一个函数, 所以不能总是使用一个函数的上下文。 另外,如果你想给echo 传递多个参数, 那么就不能使用小括号。

echo 也有一个快捷用法,你可以在打开标记前直接用一个等号。在 PHP 5.4.0 之前,必须在php.ini 里面启用 short_open_tag 才有效。

I have <?=$foo?> foo.

print 最主要的不同之处是, echo 接受参数列表,并且没有返回值。

参数

arg1

要输出的参数

...

返回值

没有返回值。

范例

Example #1 echo 例子

<?php
echo "Hello World";

echo 
"This spans
multiple lines. The newlines will be
output as well"
;

echo 
"This spans\nmultiple lines. The newlines will be\noutput as well.";

echo 
"Escaping characters is done \"Like this\".";

// You can use variables inside of an echo statement
$foo "foobar";
$bar "barbaz";

echo 
"foo is $foo"// foo is foobar

// You can also use arrays
$baz = array("value" => "foo");

echo 
"this is {$baz['value']} !"// this is foo !

// Using single quotes will print the variable name, not the value
echo 'foo is $foo'// foo is $foo

// If you are not using any other characters, you can just echo variables
echo $foo;          // foobar
echo $foo,$bar;     // foobarbarbaz

// Strings can either be passed individually as multiple arguments or
// concatenated together and passed as a single argument
echo 'This ''string ''was ''made ''with multiple parameters.'chr(10);
echo 
'This ' 'string ' 'was ' 'made ' 'with concatenation.' "\n";

echo <<<END
This uses the "here document" syntax to output
multiple lines with 
$variable interpolation. Note
that the here document terminator must appear on a
line with just a semicolon. no extra whitespace!
END;

// Because echo does not behave like a function, the following code is invalid.
($some_var) ? echo 'true' : echo 'false';

// However, the following examples will work:
($some_var) ? print 'true' : print 'false'// print is also a construct, but
                                            // it behaves like a function, so
                                            // it may be used in this context.
echo $some_var 'true''false'// changing the statement around
?>

注释

Note: 因为是一个语言构造器而不是一个函数,不能被 可变函数 调用。

Tip

相对 echo 中拼接字符串而言,传递多个参数比较好,考虑到了 PHP 中连接运算符(“.”)的优先级。 传入多个参数,不需要圆括号保证优先级:

<?php
echo "Sum: "2;
echo 
"Hello ", isset($name) ? $name "John Doe""!";

如果是拼接的,相对于加号和三目元算符,连接运算符(“.”)具有更高优先级。为了正确性,必须使用圆括号:

<?php
echo 'Sum: ' . (2);
echo 
'Hello ' . (isset($name) ? $name 'John Doe') . '!';

参见

add a note add a note

User Contributed Notes 3 notes

up
6
pemapmodder1970 at gmail dot com
7 months ago
Passing multiple parameters to echo using commas (',')is not exactly identical to using the concatenation operator ('.'). There are two notable differences.

First, concatenation operators have much higher precedence. Referring to http://php.net/operators.precedence, there are many operators with lower precedence than concatenation, so it is a good idea to use the multi-argument form instead of passing concatenated strings.

<?php
echo "The sum is " . 1 | 2; // output: "2". Parentheses needed.
echo "The sum is ", 1 | 2; // output: "The sum is 3". Fine.
?>

Second, a slightly confusing phenomenon is that unlike passing arguments to functions, the values are evaluated one by one.

<?php
function f($arg){
 
var_dump($arg);
  return
$arg;
}
echo
"Foo" . f("bar") . "Foo";
echo
"\n\n";
echo
"Foo", f("bar"), "Foo";
?>

The output would be:
string(3) "bar"FoobarFoo

Foostring(3) "bar"
barFoo

It would become a confusing bug for a script that uses blocking functions like sleep() as parameters:

<?php
while(true){
  echo
"Loop start!\n", sleep(1);
}
?>

vs

<?php
while(true){
  echo
"Loop started!\n" . sleep(1);
}
?>

With ',' the cursor stops at the beginning every newline, while with '.' the cursor stops after the 0 in the beginning every line (because sleep() returns 0).
up
-3
Jamie Robinson
1 year ago
The {} syntax is useful for printing non array variables as well, an example to illustrate:

<?php
$foo
= "foobar";
$bar = "barbaz";

//Will produce the error: Undefined variable: $foo_
echo "$foo_$bar";

//Will print the intended string: "foobar_barbaz"
echo "{$foo}_$bar";
?>

Could even be worth getting into the habit of enclosing all variables in {} when writing echo strings, to be on the safe side.
up
-35
214363570 at qq dot com
7 months ago
Dear:
      Is there a offical function like echoln(), such as
  
     function echoln($s=""){
            echo $s."\n";
     }

     $str = "i love php";
     echoln($str);
     echoln($str);
     echoln($str);
     echoln($str);

     not is:
     echo $str."\n";
     echo $str."\n";
     echo $str."\n";
     echo $str."\n";
     echo $str."\n";

     Thank you.

     Best regards.
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