PHP 5.6.38 Released

Closure::bind

(PHP 5 >= 5.4.0, PHP 7)

Closure::bind 复制一个闭包,绑定指定的$this对象和类作用域。

说明

public static Closure Closure::bind ( Closure $closure , object $newthis [, mixed $newscope = 'static' ] )

这个方法是 Closure::bindTo() 的静态版本。查看它的文档获取更多信息。

参数

closure

需要绑定的匿名函数。

newthis

需要绑定到匿名函数的对象,或者 NULL 创建未绑定的闭包。

newscope

想要绑定给闭包的类作用域,或者 'static' 表示不改变。如果传入一个对象,则使用这个对象的类型名。 类作用域用来决定在闭包中 $this 对象的 私有、保护方法 的可见性。 The class scope to which associate the closure is to be associated, or 'static' to keep the current one. If an object is given, the type of the object will be used instead. This determines the visibility of protected and private methods of the bound object.

返回值

返回一个新的 Closure 对象 或者在失败时返回 FALSE

范例

Example #1 Closure::bind() 实例

<?php
class {
    private static 
$sfoo 1;
    private 
$ifoo 2;
}
$cl1 = static function() {
    return 
A::$sfoo;
};
$cl2 = function() {
    return 
$this->ifoo;
};

$bcl1 Closure::bind($cl1null'A');
$bcl2 Closure::bind($cl2, new A(), 'A');
echo 
$bcl1(), "\n";
echo 
$bcl2(), "\n";
?>

以上例程的输出类似于:

1
2

参见

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User Contributed Notes 2 notes

up
77
Vincius Krolow
5 years ago
With this class and method, it's possible to do nice things, like add methods on the fly to an object.

MetaTrait.php
<?php
trait MetaTrait
{
   
    private
$methods = array();

    public function
addMethod($methodName, $methodCallable)
    {
        if (!
is_callable($methodCallable)) {
            throw new
InvalidArgumentException('Second param must be callable');
        }
       
$this->methods[$methodName] = Closure::bind($methodCallable, $this, get_class());
    }

    public function
__call($methodName, array $args)
    {
        if (isset(
$this->methods[$methodName])) {
            return
call_user_func_array($this->methods[$methodName], $args);
        }

        throw
RunTimeException('There is no method with the given name to call');
    }

}
?>

test.php
<?php
require 'MetaTrait.php';

class
HackThursday {
    use
MetaTrait;

    private
$dayOfWeek = 'Thursday';

}

$test = new HackThursday();
$test->addMethod('when', function () {
    return
$this->dayOfWeek;
});

echo
$test->when();

?>
up
4
potherca at hotmail dot com
3 years ago
If you need to validate whether or not a closure can be bound to a PHP object, you will have to resort to using reflection.

<?php

/**
* @param \Closure $callable
*
* @return bool
*/
function isBindable(\Closure $callable)
{
   
$bindable = false;

   
$reflectionFunction = new \ReflectionFunction($callable);
    if (
       
$reflectionFunction->getClosureScopeClass() === null
       
|| $reflectionFunction->getClosureThis() !== null
   
) {
       
$bindable = true;
    }

    return
$bindable;
}
?>
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